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From the 1st to 6th centuries, Cambodia was called the Kingdom of Funan. Modern Khmer customs and language, as well as the national political institutions, culture and art, evolved from this time. The Angkorian era began in the 9th century and transformed the Kingdom into a major artistic, religious, and military power. This era produced a succession of powerful kings who presided over an empire that covered much of present day Southeast Asia, stretching from Myanmar to the South China Sea and north to Laos. During this golden age, Khmer kings built extensive ornate temples, including the spectacular Angkor Wat.

Angkor Wat is one of the world’s great historic sites. An ever growing number of visitors are awestruck by the gigantic scale of this temple complex, and by the endlessly ornate and often artistically breathtaking details of its stone carving. One is also struck by its obvious antiquity. Wonder at how much has defied the ravages of time and marvel at how such greatness could have been reduced to ruins.

The Khmer Empire in its heyday extending from the Southwest of China to the tip of Indochina and from Vietnam to the Bay of Bengal –was one of the richest and most sophisticated kingdoms in Southeast Asia. Angkor became the capital of great kingdom and the centre of education . religion and commerce until the late 13th century.

Between the 15th and 19th centuries, Angkor was maintained by Buddhist monks as an important pilgrimage site. From the late 19th century, western scholars began to take great interest in what had been a fabled lost city largely overgrown by Jungle.
In 1941 , Preah bat Norodom Sihanouk father to the current monarch, King Norodom Sihamoni, came to the throne. King Sihanouk became the head of state after proclaiming independence in 1953 and dominated national politics for the next 15 years .
In 1993 the first general election led to King Sihanouk being reinstated as monarch of what is now a constitutional monarchy. A second general election was held in July 1998 . making Samdech Hun Sen the Prime Minister of Cambodia.

HISTORICAL PAST:
Kambuj Desh was the ancient name of Cambodia. Funan was the first state in this region which absorbed and assimilated the Indian ideas in the early centuries of the Christian era. The Sanskrit language, script, traditions, customs, beliefs, religions, art, architecture and legal and administrative systems from India were adopted with suitable adaptations. In the early 7th century, the state of Funan was conquered by its vassal state Kambuj known as Chenla in the Chinese chronicles. The first known dynasty of Kambuj came from King Shrutavarman followed by Bhavavarman who flourished in the middle of the 6th century. Ishanvarman one of the renowned kings of this dynasty established his capital at Sambor Prei Kuk, an important Pre –Angkoian site. Jayavarman I was the last king of this family who supposedly ruled in the second half of the 7th century. The period following the death of king Jayaverman I is a dark period in the history of Kambuj. According to he Chinese chronicles, the country of Chenla was divided in to land Chenla and water Chenla in the 8th century. The obscurity prevailed thereafter. The history is traced again with the accession of Jayavarman II who founded the Angkor dynasty in AD 802 and consolidated Kambuj. Thereafter Kambuj Desh evolved into a powerful state from the 9th century onwards and the Khmers became one of the highly evolved societies in the world The creative genius and the innate devotional nature of the Khmers combined with the basic principles of Indian civilisation in the fields of religion, culture, art, architecture created the most beautiful temples in the world between the 9th and the 13th centuries including Angkor Wat-the largest temple in the world and a rare creation of human civilisation.

An exotic country coming to life with its great historical and cultural legacy. The real jewel of the Indo-China region.

PHNOMPENH: The exotic capital city of Cambodia on the Mekong river.
SIEM REAP: The home of Angkor Wat, The largest Hindu temple in the World and hundreds                      of other exquisite temples.
SIHANOKVILLE: The home of blissful beaches and night life. 2 NTS SEAM REAP

SUGGESTED ITINERARIES:
• 3 NTS SEAM REAP
• 1 NT PHNOM PENH + 3 NTS SEAM REAP
• 2NTS PHNOM PENH+ 3 NTS SEAM REAP
• 1 NT KAM POT + 2 NTSSIHANOKVILLE + 2 NTS PHNOM PENH +3NTS SEAM REAP

NOTES:
1.The itineraries can be tailored to include additional nights.
2. The sectors Phnom Penh –Seam Reap can be covered by flight or by speed boat.
3. A balloon ride over Angkor Wat and other temples can also be provided.


































TA PROM TEMPLE:
The Archeological survey of India is directly involved in the conservation and reconstruction of Ta Prom Temple at Siam Reap with a view to Preserving & promoting India’s cultural heritage .. ..... ......


 
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